On the bottom of your foot is a band of thick tissue called the plantar fascia. This piece of tissue connects the heel bone to the toes and creates the arch of the foot. Plantar fasciitis is diagnosed when this tissue becomes inflamed due to being overstretched or overused. Structural problems with your foot, improper training, poor footwear, a tight Achilles tendon and being overweight all increase the risk of developing this condition. It most commonly occurs in those aged 40 to 70, and it can cause pain, stiffness and swelling in the affected foot. Treatment Plantar fasciitis can be called a problem of the heels and the arches with degeneration of the collagen fibres. Those who suffer from this problem also experience pain on the sides of the feet. This problem also relating to the metatarsal heads is often caused by biomechanical factors caused by anatomical abnormalities as much as the wrong choice of footwear especially when one runs excessively on hard surfaces. These factors result in biomechanical stress and micro trauma. The right shoes for plantar fasciitis are those which have ample heel and arch support. These shoes for men and women come with structural support at the heel area providing better cushioning. Diagnosing plantar fasciitis usually just takes an exam by your podiatrist, and may include checking your feet and standing so your clinician can observe your posture and walk. In some cases, your podiatrist may choose to use X-Rays, an ultrasound or MRI to properly diagnose plantar fasciitis. Things to consider before diagnosis include your medical history, rate of physical activity and if you’ve had pain in your feet before. Also, instead of sitting in a chair, he stands at a “standing desk.” He also spends time in the yard with the children, sometimes playing Frisbee golf, sometimes gardening, sometimes just walking with our little ones. He tries to stay active. Excess stress – If your foot is used to x number of hours of weight bearing for years, your tissues will build themselves to tolerate that amount of stress. If you then do some activity where you are weight bearing for a much longer period of time, the tissues can be overwhelmed by the extra work and get ripped to some degree. Vacation trips involving amusement parks, hikes or walking excursions when you have a sitting job all week are classic examples of this type of stress. Noah played through the condition in the playoffs but issued a comment that had anyone who has ever endured plantar fasciitis nodding knowingly. Heel spurs occur when calcium deposits build up on the underside of the heel bone, a process that usually occurs over a period of many months. Heel spurs are often caused by strains on foot muscles and ligaments, stretching of the plantar fascia, and repeated tearing of the membrane that covers the heel bone. Heel spurs are especially common among anyone whose activities include large amounts of running and jumping. In my case, walking barefoot on a tile floor for 7 years produced the same results. Plantar Fasciitis and Bone Spurs" American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Retrieved 11 February 2012 External links edit Capsular joint Noncapsular joint Nonjoint In cases where the pain persists, or is severe, Plantar Fasciitis can be treated with a cortisone-steroid injection into the heel. However, this is only a short term fix and the pain will return within 3 months. A newer treatment for Plantar Fasciitis (instituted prior to surgery) is electrocorporeal shock wave therapy. In this procedure, an instrument administers pulses of energy (shock waves) to your heel to relieve pain. Plantar fasciitis causes pain in the bottom of the heel. The plantar fascia is a thin ligament that connects your heel to the front of your foot It supports the arch in your foot and is important in helping you walk.